Media and technology

The music that composers make can be heard by various means; The most traditional way is to listen to it live, in the presence of musicians (or as one of the musicians) in an interior or exterior space like an amphitheater, a concert hall, a cabaret of life or theater. Since the 20th century, live music can also be transmitted via radio, television or Internet, or recorded and played on a CD player or MP3 player. Some musical styles focus on producing a sound for a performance, while others focus on producing a recording that mixes sounds that are never played “live” source. This often uses the possibility of editing and splicing to produce recordings that can be considered “better” than actual performance.

Technology has had an influence on music since prehistoric times, when people used the caves of simple tools to drill holes in bone flutes 41,000 years ago. Technology has continued to influence music throughout the history of music, as it has allowed the use of new tools and systems of reading musical notation, one of the notable moments of musical notation the invention of music In the 14th century, more time had to be copied by hand. In the 19th century, music technology led to the development of a more powerful, piano forte and led the development of new brass valves. In the early twentieth century (late 1920s), as images emerged in the early twentieth century, with their pre-recorded music tracks, a growing number of film orchestra musicians found themselves out of work. During the 20 live musical performances by orchestras, pianists and theater organists, they were common in first-time theaters. With the advent of talking movies, the shows presented were largely eliminated. The American Federation of Musicians (AFM) has published announcements in the newspapers to protest against the replacement of musicians with mechanical devices. A 1929 announcement appeared in the Pittsburgh press presents an image of a box called “Canned Music / Big Noise Brand / Guaranteed to produce an intellectual or emotional reaction”

Since legislation to help protect performers, composers, publishers and producers, including the 1992 US Home Audio Recording Act and the revised Bern Convention for the Protection of Works was introduced Literary and artistic in the UK, have also become more accessible through computers, devices and the Internet in a form that is commonly known as music on demand.

In many cultures, there is less distinction between reading and listening to music, since almost all are involved in a kind of musical activity, often communal. In industrialized countries, listening to music through recording, such as sound recording or watching a music video format, became more frequent than the experience of shows in the mid-20th century.

Sometimes performances incorporate prerecorded sounds. For example, a disc jockey uses a disc to pitch, and some works of the twentieth century have one for an instrument or voice that is performed with music that pregrabó on a tape. Computers and many keyboards can be programmed to produce and play music from Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI). The public can also become artists by participating in karaoke, an activity of Japanese origin centered on a device that plays songs vocal versions eliminated known. Most karaoke machines also have video screens showing the lyrics of the songs that are made; The performers can follow the lyrics they sing on the instrumental tracks.

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In music, an “ornament” is a decoration for a melody, bass line or other musical part. The detail explicitly included in musical notation varies between genres and historical periods. In general, the musical notation of the art of the seventh-twentieth requires artists to have a great knowledge of the context on the styles of performance. For example, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, music for solo artists generally indicated a simple, unadorned melody. However, it was expected that artists would know how to add stylistically appropriate ornaments to add interest to music, such as trills and turns.

In the nineteenth century, art music for solo artists can give a general instruction, and play expressive music, without describing in detail how the artist should do. It was expected that the performer would know how to use tempo changes, emphasis and pauses (among other features) to achieve this “expressive” performance style. In the 20th century, musical notation of art often became more explicit and used a range of marks and annotations to tell performers how to play or sing the piece.

In popular music and jazz, musical notation almost always indicates that the basic framework of melody, harmony, or approach to performance; Musicians and singers are expected to know the performance conventions and styles associated with specific genres and pieces. For example, the “lead sheet” for a jazz air can only indicate melody and chord changes.It is expected that the jazz ensemble performers will know how to “translate” this basic structure by adding ornaments, music Improvised and accompanying agreements.

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Performance as a expression of music

Performance is the physical expression of music, which occurs when a song or when a piece of piano, electric guitar melody, symphony, drums or other musical part is played by singing musicians. In classical music, a musical work is written in musical notation of a composer, and then performed once the composer is satisfied with its structure and instrumentation. However, as it is done, the interpretation of a song or piece can evolve and change. In classical music, instrumental artists, singers or conductors can gradually make changes in the phrasing or tempo of a piece. In popular and traditional music, artists have much more freedom to make changes in the form of a song or piece. As such, in popular music styles, even if a band plays a cover song, they can make changes in it, such as adding a guitar solo or inserting an intro.

A show can be planned and repeated (practiced), which is the norm in classical music with jazz big bands and many styles of improvised music popularly or on a chord progression (a sequence of chords), which is the Standard in a small jazz and blues. Orchestral rehearsals, concerts and choirs are conducted by a conductor. Rock, blues and jazz are usually run by the leader of the band. An essay is a structured repetition in a song or a piece of performers until it can be sung and / or reproduced correctly and, if a song or piece for more than one musician, until The parts are together from a rhythmic and tuning point of view. Improvisation is the creation of an idea – a musical melody or other Musical line – created in situ, often based on pre-existing scales or melodic riffs.

Many cultures have strong traditions of solo performance (in which a singer or performer performs), as in classical Indian music and western musical tradition of art. Other cultures, such as Bali, include strong traditions of group performance. All cultures include a mix of both, and performances can range from improvised solo play to highly planned and organized the modern classical concert, religious processions, classical music concert festivals or music contests. Chamber music, which is music for a small ensemble with only a few of each type of instrument, is often considered more intimate than great symphonic works.

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Harmony, Chords and rhythm

Harmony refers to the “vertical” sounds of musical ringtones, which means that the sounds are played or sung together at the same time to create a chord. Usually, this means that notes are played simultaneously, although harmony can also be implied by a melody that describes a harmonic structure (ie, using the notes of the melody are played one after the other, describing the notes Notes of an agreement). In writing with the major tonal-minor system (“keys”), which includes most of the classical music written 1600-1900 and most pop, rock and traditional Western music, the key music of a Piece determines the scale used, the “note of the house” or tonic of the key. Simple classical and pop songs and traditional music many songs are written so that all music is a key. More songs and pieces of classical music, pop and complex traditional music can have two keys (and in some cases, three or more keys). Classical music from the romantic era (written 1820-1900) usually contains several keys, such as jazz, especially the bebop jazz of the 1940s, in which the key or note of a song can change every four bars or Even both bars.
Rhythm is the arrangement of sounds and silences in time. Encourages the meter time of groups of regular pulses, called bars or bars, which in the west, folk and traditional classical music notes often grouped two by two (eg 2/4 of time), three (Eg 3/4) times, or 8/3 of the time) or four (eg 4/4). Counters are made easier to hear because songs and songs often (but not always) focus on the first time of each group. There are notable exceptions, as used in a pop backbeat and western rock, in which a song that uses a measure consisting of four times (called 4/4 or common time) will have accents on two and four beats, Which are usually by the drummer on the snare drum, a strong and distinctive percussion instrument. In pop and rock, the rhythmic parts of a song are played by the rhythm section, which includes instruments playing chords (eg, electric guitar, acoustic guitar, piano or other keyboard instruments), an instrument Under certain styles as jazz and bluegrass, bass) and a drum kit.

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Great record-breakers in global music

Asian network live on Saturday, February 25, which means that some of the biggest stars of the world music come to the UK to join its Asian British counterparts. Last year, the event hosted Indian singer Kanika Kapoor and Badshah and divine rappers, among many others. Badshah again in 2017 in a bill that also includes Naughty Boy, film composer Anirudh Tamil, Punjabi singer-songwriter Jasmine Sandlas, Canadian rapper Fateh and Arjun Kanungo, composer and producer of Mumbai.
1. Most recorded in the history of music artists – Asha Bhosle
India is the most read country and is also the nation’s most prolific film, ahead of Nigeria in second place. But what about music? Forget Paul McCartney, Wiley or Johnny Cash – all of whom have recorded hundreds of songs – if you want to discover the most productive musicians of all time, it is necessary to determine the song’s playback (professional pre-recording vocal songs for A use in the cinema) to the cinema in South Asia, in particular two sisters Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle. In 1974, the Guinness Book of Records was the elder sister Mangeshkar (now 87) and recording most of the songs in the story – a staggering 25,000. The figure was contested and removed the case until 2011 when it was credited to Bhosle to record up to 11,000 single songs, duo and chorus backed in more than 20 Indian languages ​​since 1947. It is no wonder Cornershop paid tribute To Bhosle with his rightly titled Brimful of Asha, Norman cook remix that went to No. 1 in 1997.
2. The world’s largest pop group – AKB48
Now, Japan, and a group of idols or kawaii (cute) that is always morphing and recording multiple shattering. In 2010, when AKB48 were recognized as the largest pop group in the world they had 48 members, as the name suggests. This number has increased dramatically since more than 130 today, split among several “teams” and that does not count the many former members listed in Wikipedia who have “graduated”. Having so many members means more opportunities to earn money and AKB48 has another world record for the “highest number of TV entries of the same product in 24 hours”, which got in February 2012 after 90 members are Appeared in 90 different trades issued three regions of Japan. They are also a simple vending machine, topping the annual list in Japan every year since 2010 and are now the group of the most successful bachelors in the history of Japanese music. But they have the best Japanese album sale. Singer-songwriter Hikaru Utada made by First Love, which has sold 12 million copies since its release in 1999, even before some members of AKB48 born.
3. The most watched Spanish song on YouTube – Enrique Iglesias Bailando
Regarding video clips on YouTube, the big figure is one billion. Famous, it was the video of a South Korean song – Gangnam Style of Psy – who crossed the course and now there are almost 50 others who joined the club, including four from Justin Bieber and Taylor Swift three . The first Spanish song / video that reached billions was Bailando by Enrique Iglesias in 2014, with Descemer Bueno and Gente De Zona. At the time of writing, it is the most watched YouTube video of all time, ahead of Adele Bonjour.

4. The greatest success of the singer bhangra – Malkit Singh
Malkit Singh, who was born in India and moved to Birmingham in 1984. Famous for songs like Tootak Tootak Gur Nalo Ishq Tootiyan and Mita, as well as popular music from Punjabi music in England. Chal Hun and Jind Mahi, which were featured on the soundtrack of Bend It Like Beckham, is not only the artist’s bhangra engraving, but also his solo artist with sales of 5 million records. Tootak Tootak Tootiyan, written by Veer Rahimpuri, is also the best-selling bhangra song of all time. Nothing surprising, then, that Singh became the first Punjabi singer to be honored with an MBE. But if we’re talking about groups, the issues are shared. Bhujhangy Group, also from Birmingham, bhangra band is the world’s longest (formed in 1967); Alaap, led by Channi Singh, are the most prolific.
5. Coldest concert – Charlie Simpson in Oymyakon, Russia
Most of the files were broken here by accident, but it was not. In 2012, Busted and Fightstar man Charlie Simpson traveled for four days with a small team to reach the “cold pole” – Oymyakon in Siberia – which is supposed to be the coldest place on the planet inhabited permanently. I wanted to set the record for the coldest concert in history and he did it, playing for 15 minutes at -30 degrees Celsius temperatures to a crazy group looking crazy. Simpson told Guinness World Records: “It was very cold and playing the guitar with gloves was not an opción.Teníamos put handwarmers in my sleeves before performance to keep my blood warm and keep my fingers frozen.”
6. No. 1 in Germany – Herbert Grönemeyer
A look at the list of best album sales in Germany reveals, for the most part, love for British and American pop, with one notable exception. Sitting nicely No. 1 and No. 3 are two albums by Herbert Grönemeyer, who remembered cinephiles as playing war correspondent Lieutenant Werner in 1982 the epic Das Boot. Grönemeyer took pieces from Das Boot’s action, but focuses mainly on music. His album 1984 4630 Bochum made him a superstar in Germany, but it is 2002 album Mensch top of the list of all time selling albums in their home country with over 3 million sales (21 x gold) . As he said Jools Holland, especially, he has lived in the UK for many years, has released music in English but is still relatively unknown outside of Germany.
7. Middle East best-selling artist of all time – Amr Diab
The English version of Nour El Ain, song Amr Diab in 1996, was a great success beyond its native Egypt (it became a crossbreeding success in South Asia, parts of South America, South Africa And in France) and apparently overnight, bigger But Diab Star, now 55, launched about 12 official (and much unofficial) albums before Nour El Ain, creating a new pop sound called Mediterranean Music – essentially A mixture of Western and Egyptian rhythms. The success of Nour El Ain (the single and the album came) Diab landed with the first of four World Music Awards for Best-selling Artist of the Middle East. He won three World Music Awards, bringing his record to seven to a record for an artist from the Middle East. Now he has released 28 official albums.

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